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Search by tag «Research» 106 results
At the end of September, ITMO University PhD student Daniil Shirokov won a student competition of research papers proposing solutions for creating a tolerant environment in St. Petersburg. He participated with his thesis on representation of scientists in comic books. Surprise effect in action: that’s how Daniil explains his astounding success. ITMO.NEWS met the student to find out why Spider Man's journey mirrors that of becoming a scientific communicator and how Hulk is connected with the crisis of masculinity.
University of Amsterdam Professor on the Importance of Crowd Behavior Research and Putting Minecraft to Good Use
Human behavior analysis is one of the most important and complex contemporary research topics. It can be used for designing safe and reliable structures and spaces to help people during evacuations and other emergency situations. Working as part of a research group, a University of Amsterdam professor Michael Lees has developed a Minecraft-inspired game that was used for studying human behavior in emergencies forcing people to navigate their way through an unknown territory. Prof. Lees unveiled the findings during his ITMO University lecture, dedicated to the development of a new game-based experimental approach aimed at achieving a better scientific understanding of humans.
Scientists from ITMO University developed a novel optical method of measuring reagent delivery rates for “labs on a chip”. The method is based on a dynamic interaction between a nanoantenna and luminescent molecules as the distance between them affects light intensity. Processed mathematically, these light dynamics help determine the flow speed. This method can also be used for measuring temperature and identifying flow types. The research was published in Laser & Photonics Reviews, making the front cover of the issue.
Joel Rodrigues from Brazil’s National Institute of Telecommunications: on Internet of Things, Its Biggest Challenges and Goals
In August 2018, three research organizations published their reports on development prospects in the market of industrial Internet of Things. According to the latest Market Research Engine report, the volume of the global IoT market will pass 176 billion USD by 2022. Meanwhile, Juniper Research report that the number of connected IoT sensors and devices will amount to 21 billion in 2018, and 50 billion by 2022. Joel Rodrigues, a professor of the National Institute of Telecommunications (Brazil) and an IEEE Distinguished Lecturer, discussed the future of this industry, as well as its issues, with the staff and students of ITMO University. For the past several years, Professor Rodrigues has worked together with researchers from ITMO on several initiatives. In an interview for ITMO.NEWS, he spoke about his work and the IoT’s potential to change the global economy.
Scientists from ITMO University’s Research Institute of Laser Physics have developed a high-power laser with short pulse duration for use in a lunar laser locator. The locator will make it possible to measure the distance between the Moon and Earth with a margin of error of just a few millimeters. This would make it possible to correct calculations of celestial coordinates of the Moon in order to improve the accuracy of satellite navigation systems. An article on the new laser was published in Optics Letters.
Experts from many fields around the world are coming to ITMO University to participate in the Fellowship and Professorship Program. They contribute to the university in many different ways, either as guest lecturers, or researchers in one of the university’s research centers or labs. Their participation in the program lasts from a few weeks up to three years, and most of them stay on to work at the university long term.
Why does it often take decades for a fundamental discovery to be introduced in the industry and enter our daily lives? What are the key challenges of today’s nanophotonics? And what are the prospects of metamaterials’ further development? Stefan Maier, professor of the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich and participant of the recent METANANO conference, spoke about these topics in an interview for ITMO.NEWS.
Scientists from ITMO University in collaboration with their colleagues from National Taiwan Normal University have developed a high-sensitivity method of studying the non-linear optical properties of substances. Unlike other research in this area, this project uses a collimated (unfocused) laser beam, which allowed the researchers to decrease the power density applied to a sample, though at the price of loss of useful signal. Using a special procedure for recording holograms and processing images, as well as using a special computational modeling algorithm, they have been able to measure the properties of optically non-linear media despite a weak signal. The project opens up new possibilities for diagnostics of non-linear properties. Results of the research were published in Optics Letters.
For the first time ever, an international research group detected alterations in capillary blood flow around the face caused by body position change. This became possible through the use of imaging photoplethysmography. Using this method, scientists can examine blood vessels located in the carotid system in order to, for example, investigate the cerebral blood flow response to various stimuli in health and disease. The results of the research were published in Scientific Reports.
Researchers from ITMO University created a new kind of magnetic nanospheres for drug delivery. Due to the unique combination of synthesis methods, the size of these magnetite-based nanospheres can be easily regulated. At the same time, the nanospheres are not damaging to cells. The scientists proved the new material’s effectiveness in a range of experiments on dissolving model plasma clots. The results were published in Applied Materials & Interfaces.