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The annual Cozzarelli Prize acknowledges papers that reflect scientific excellence and originality. Among the 2018 Cozzarelli Prize recipients in the field of physics and mathematics is Russian physicist Alexey Melnikov. His research focuses on quantum machine learning technologies, as well as the development of new machine intelligence methods. The researcher works on a range of projects at the University of Basel (Switzerland), ITMO University, and the Valiev Institute of Physics and Technology of Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.
Last week, the first FUTURE ART festival was held in St. Petersburg. The event explored the cutting-edge sphere of BioArt, an Art&Science current encompassing the synthesis of artistic, scientific, creative, and technological methods of contemporary art-making. BioArt adherents work with live materials and organic processes. In her FUTURE ART lecture, art expert and head of ITMO’s Art & Science Center Anastasiia Yarmosh talked about how the technological art changed over the years, in which direction it is now heading, and what questions it deals with today.
ITMO University scientists have developed a new approach to nanoobject construction, one that provides the opportunity to study and predict how deformations and defects in the crystal lattice affect the optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals. This model allows them to calculate both the linear and non-linear optical properties of various nanoobjects such as: nanorolls, nanorods, nanoplates and others. The method can be used to create optical materials and devices with new functionalities with uses in drug delivery, chiral exciton-based devices and chiral catalysis devices, and areas such as biosensing and spintronics. Results of this research were published in Nano Letters and used in the writing of other articles in ACS Nano.
The first light-operated data transmission network in Russia was launched by ITMO University’s Department of Light Technologies and Optoelectronics. The new format, known as Li-Fi, may become an effective alternative to Wi-Fi. It uses optical signals instead of radio waves, and, in fact, transmits data hundreds of times faster than traditional wireless networking. A speed of 50 Mbps was reached in the ITMO University laboratory, which is comparable, and even superior, to a regular Wi-Fi connection. Li-Fi communication channels are considered to provide better security. They may also be used in Wi-Fi “dead-zones”: operating rooms, airplanes, and in other conditions requiring minimization of radio interference.