IT Approach to Modern Medicine
Currently the well-timed diagnostics is a key element of effective treatment. However medical care will not be effective if physician analyzes an illness without considering unique peculiarities of a patient. Ilya Semov, Master student of Chair of High-Performance Computing, shared how to make medicine personal-oriented using clinical decision support systems.
What project do you develop at ITMO University?
Generally speaking I focus on translational medicine. It means that my colleagues from the Institute of Translational Medicine and I apply information technologies for medical practices. Using medical data we develop specific information systems that will help doctors to prescribe a rehabilitation plan.
The researchers of the Chair took part in the St. Petersburg Translational Medicine Conference in October. They presented a navigation system, which helped ambulances to shortest way to a hospital taking into account traffic jams. What kind of system do you develop?
It diagnoses pulmonary hypertension; lung vascular resistance affects the heart condition and leads to many after-effects. That is why it`s very important to determine a diagnosis and prevent the disease.
Now I research echocardiogram data captured for the past few years. We turn hand-written health records that sometimes are very unclear because a physician made it in hurry into soft copies. First of all we analyze these parameters, structure them and select those patients who suffer from this illness. Then we plan in alliance with physicians to develop a system, which will automatically detect the symptoms of pulmonary hypertension or the liability to it by analyzing the results of echocardiographic survey.
How will the system look like?
It will be more complex than an informing device because it will analyze several illnesses and medical conditions such as arterial hypertension and acute coronary syndrome. All research teams deal with various diseases because all of them require unique approaches. We also plan to work with other illnesses.
We haven`t chosen an interface type because there are too many of them. It may be a server connected with a tablet, mobile or desktop application. There is no the standardized form of clinical decision support systems. This field is always on the move. Moreover, each clinic has its` own conditions and needs that differ from others. Four my relatives are doctors; so I spent almost all my childhood in hospitals. I know that all of them are not similar; all differences should be taken into account.
Our main concept is that patients have their own personalities. Using a formal approach when all patients are considered as the group of people suffering from some disease decreases the effectiveness of a treatment.
Have you ever studied medicine?
I graduated from Kuban State Technological University and became a Bachelor of informatics and computing hardware. Then I came here to continue my studying at a non-degree program based on Research Institute of High-Tech Computer Technologies. It offered students to take part in a contest or present their own projects instead of Master program`s entrance exams.
What did you study at this short program?
Every year it includes different modules. In 2014 when I followed this program it was centered around Big Data. I always interested in research activities but I had no such experience at my university. That is why I chose the contest. I worked hard and finally showed a good result, which gave me an opportunity to enroll to the Master program.
This non-degree course was kind of cultural shock because I couldn`t imagine that IT had so many application fields. I think that such programs are very useful; they increase professional competencies.